Different Stages of Liver Cancer

Different Stages of Liver Cancer:

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It is the stage of a cancer which reveals the doctor how deep it has developed. It is very significant as decisions regarding treatment are made as per the stage of the cancer. The scans and tests also render some info about the stage of the cancer. Liver cancer stages reveal whether the cancer is defined till the liver or it has spread to the other tissues.

Number of stages of liver cancer

When the physician strategizes treatment for liver can, they not only see the size of the tumor and its spread area, but also find out how well the liver is functioning. So, doctors have crafted different staging schemes to help them segregate.

There are 4 stages of liver cancer. Majorly, the stage of the cancer depends on-

  • Tumor size
  • The growth of cancer in the blood vessels. This is crucial as it is very easy for the cancer cells to enter the blood vein and spread to different organs, if the tumor is closely linked with blood vessels.
  • If the cancer has reached the lymph nodes and other body organs.

Stage 1

In this stage, there is just one tumor and the cancer and it hasn’t reached the blood vessels, other body parts and lymph nodes yet.

Stage 2

At this stage, the cancer virus hasn’t reached the lymph nodes or other body parts yet. It could either

  • Be a single tumor which has developed in the liver’s blood vessels.
  • Few tumors which are smaller than 5 cm but haven’t grown into blood vessels.

Stage 3

This stage is further divided into three groups- Stage 3A, 3B and 3C

Stage 3A

You have more than one tumor and one of them is bigger than 5cm. In this level, the cancer hasn’t reached the lymph nodes or other body part.

Stage 3B

The cancer has advanced to at least one of the major blood vessels of the liver either hepatic vein or portal vein. But the cancer cells haven’t spread to any other body part or lymph nodes.

Stage 3C

In this stage, the cancer has reached the organs near the liver, leaving the gall bladder. However, it hasn’t reached the lymph nodes or any other body part yet.

Stage 4

This stage 4 liver cancer is also divided into 2 stages- stage 4A and stage 4B.

Stage 4A

In this stage, the cancer could be of any size and there could more than one tumor. It might have developed in the organs near the liver or in the blood vessels. It has also reached the lymph nodes, but the other parts of the body are secured.

Stage 4B

In this stage, the cancer could be of any size and there could be more than one tumor. It might have developed and reached the blood vessels and body parts near the liver. It might or might not have reached the lymph nodes, but definitely has reached the other parts of the body like bones and lungs.

These different liver cancer stages give the doctors a wide idea to treat the patients accordingly.

Stay Safe by Understanding Causes of Liver Cancer

Stay Safe by Understanding Causes of Liver Cancer

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Liver cancer is a very serious illness that occurs when the cells start to develop mutations in their DNA, causing changes in the instructions sent out by the DNA. This causes the cells to grow without any control, ending up in the formation of a tumor (of cancerous cells). Hepatocellular cancer (HCC) is said to be the most common type of primary liver cancer.

Causes of Liver Cancer

There are various causes of liver cancer and we can list them down as follows:

Cirrhosis – this is a condition where scars appear in the liver caused due to some kind of damage, say, due to long term alcohol intake or inherited diseases. The scars affect normal functioning of the liver, which increases the risks of liver cancer.

Alcohol – increased alcohol intake on a daily basis increases the chances of cancer.

Non alcoholic fatty liver disease – this condition, fat gets accumulated in the liver, causing inflammation and leading to cirrhosis.

Infection with hepatitis viruses – when you are infected with hepatitis B or C virus for a long term, it increases the risk of primary liver cancer because it can lead to cirrhosis.

Smoking – smoking greatly increases the risks of developing liver cancer. When smoking is combined with alcohol intake, the risk of developing cancer further increases. Sometimes, children of those people who smoked earlier or during pregnancy, have an increased risk of hepatoblastoma, a rare type of cancer.

Low immunity – low immunity caused due to AIDS or HIV or certain medicines have a risk of getting liver cancer, 5 times more than those who do not have these health issues. Those who have had a liver transplant also have a higher risk of liver cancer, mostly if there were risk causing factors in the donor’s body.

Lupus – in this chronic condition, Systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE, there is inflammation of your joints and skin and may sometimes include the heart and kidneys. Those with SLE have a higher risk of liver cancer.

Family History – people who have liver cancer in their family history are more likely to develop it themselves.

Diabetes – people with diabetes are more prone to liver cancer due to the high levels of insulin or liver damage caused by diabetes.

Body weight – obesity also increases the risks of liver cancer greatly.

Radiation from CT scans, X-rays – the radiations from these scans can cause liver cancer if they are performed too often. But the risk is not that high in this.

Gallbladder removal – removal of gall bladder can increase the risk of liver cancer because it increases the pressure inside the bile duct, causing damage to the liver tissue.

And the list goes on.

Conclusion

Liver cancer can be caused due to the above mentioned, numerous factors. It is best to take preventive measures or do something to lower the risks. The risks of liver cancer can be reduced by taking vegetables, fish, statins and coffee.

How To Treat Cancer Cells in Liver through Surgery or Transplant?

How To Treat Cancer Cells in Liver through Surgery or Transplant?

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Liver cancer is caused when the liver cells become cancerous. Hence, it is important for you to treat the liver cells on an immediate basis. Cancerous cells are divided into two different types:

Primary cancer and secondary cancer

Most cases of cancer reported in UK are secondary cancer. This means symptoms of cancer has initiated in some other parts of the body. This cancer cells then spread to liver causing damage in liver. Such kind of cancer cells are termed as secondary cancer cells.

In the case of primary cancer, the cancer is caused in liver. The only possible way to remove the cancer cells is through surgery. In case surgery can be avoided, then you need to stick to various treatment methods such as ablation through radio frequency, chemo therapy and injection of ethanol to blood cells.

Treatment for primary stage liver cancer

In case you are diagnosed with liver cancer treatment and wish to gain effective method of treatment, then it is important for you to get in touch with a team of doctors who can effectively work on this for you.

The team will include the following specialist:

Surgeon

Specialist in liver disease

An expert in treating disease in the digestive system

Cancer specialist

Specialist in X-ray analysis

Kind of treatment method

The kind of treatment that will work towards curing your primary level cancer is dependent on various factors such as:

Type of cancer

Stage of your cancer cell

Working condition of your liver

General health and well being

Opting for surgical method

The best and effective liver cancer treatment is to go for surgical method. This is the best option if the cancer cells have not spread to other parts in the body. Two of the best possible options are as follows:

Liver transplant

Surgery that removes cancer cells from liver

In most cases, your specialist will go ahead with liver cancer treatment through surgery only if the cancer cells have not spread to other parts of the body. This can be deducted in the very early stages of cancer.

Liver transplant

Liver transplant is usually advised on patient who has long term damage with liver. In such cases it results in the formation of cancer cells. Liver transplant is suggested in any of the following cases:

Single liver tumor

5 tumors that are 3cm across or less

Single tumor that has not grown more than 6 months

Liver transplant is helpful if you have a donor with all the matching credentials.

Liver resection

Liver resection is another method of surgery that will help with removing liver cancer. However, a final call whether to go ahead with surgery will be taken by your specialist based on the size of cancer cells.

A surgery can help in removing more than 80% of your liver tissue. This is not a tough task as the tissues tend to grow back to normal size in a couple of months letting the patient gain normalcy.

This is advised only if the liver cell is not infected with cirrhosis.

Knowing All about Liver Cancer Symptoms

Knowing All about Liver Cancer Symptoms:

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Liver cancer is basically the abnormal growth of liver cells (cancerous in nature) inside the liver. These cells later cause destruction to the adjacent tissues and can keep spreading to other organs of the body. The cancer symptoms usually do not appear in the early stages so most people get diagnosed at an advanced stage. Nevertheless, it is very important to try and look out for smallest signs of liver cancer and consult the doctor.

Liver Cancer Symptoms

 

Though we cannot see any prominent symptoms of liver cancer in the early stages, there are a few signs that you can look out for to be on the safer side. Here are some of the major symptoms of liver cancer:

Loss of appetite – reduced hunger

Nausea and vomiting – feeling nauseous and vomiting frequently unrelated to any known conditions

Weight loss – losing weight without even trying

Abdominal pain or pain near the right shoulder – bloating or continuous pain in the abdomen or at your right shoulder blade

Feeling too full after a small meal – you feel full after eating too little

Itching – itchiness in your body

Enlarged spleen – feeling of the presence of a mass under your left rib

Swelling or build up of fluid in the abdomen – abdominal swelling due to fluid build up

Enlarged liver – feeling of the presence of a mass under your right rib

Jaundice – yellow coloration of skin and eyes, due to improper functioning of the liver

Fever – fever that is not related to other conditions

Weakness and fatigue – persistent weakness and fatigue

Some other symptoms include:

Enlarged veins – enlarged veins on the belly that can be clearly seen through the skin

Abdominal bleeding or bruising – bruises or bleeding in your abdomen

Cirrhosis or chronic hepatitis – in case of liver cancer, people with this condition may tend to feel more worse

These above mentioned symptoms can be due to some liver diseases or infections. If these conditions do not subside and continue to worsen, it is definitely liver cancer and you must see the doctor.

Paraneoplastic syndromes

There are rare cases when disorders develop due to liver cancer. Paraneoplastic syndromes usually cause symptoms in the other parts of your body. Some of the Paraneoplastic syndromes that are related to liver cancer are:

Hypercalcemia – this is a condition where the blood calcium levels are very high

Erythrocytosis – in this condition, the red blood cell count goes too high

Gynecomastia – this is a condition of breast enlargement

Hypoglycemia – when your blood sugar levels are low, it means you have hypoglycemia

Hypercholesterolemia – this means your cholesterol levels are too high

Testicles shrinking in men

If you are aware of these symptoms, which occur during the early stages, then it will help in the early diagnosis of liver cancer.

Conclusion

Liver cancer symptoms are difficult to identify but if you are aware of the above factors and early signs, you can get checked and prevent the cancer from advancing to the next stages.

Common Symptoms and Health Deficiencies for Liver Cancer

Common Symptoms and Health Deficiencies for Liver Cancer

liver cancer symptoms

Liver cancer also known as hepatic cancer is a very rare case. As per recent research it is found that people infected with liver cancer are less compared to other syndromes related to cancer. The most common ways by which liver could be affected is either through cancer cells that arise in liver or through cancer formed in other parts of the body that later spread towards liver.

According to a recent report published in US, most liver cancer patients were prone to cancerous cells in other parts of the body that later spread to liver. Only 2% of the population was directly infected with direct attack to liver.

Reason for liver cancer

The most common reason that causes cancer in liver is the existence of hepatitis. A person who is affected with hepatitis and is not taking treatment for the same is at the risk of getting infected to cells that will later work towards spreading cancer.

Symptoms of liver cancer

In case of liver cancer it is an evident factor that the signs and symptoms of the disease do not show up in the early stages. There are very rare cases where in there have been signs shown during the early stages and appropriate treatment methods been initiated.

Below mentioned are few common liver cancer symptoms:

  • Weight loss without any efforts from patient
  • Shooting pain in abdomen
  • Feeling full while completing half meal
  • Complete loss of appetite
  • Itching and skin turning yellowish

These are the most common symptoms of liver cancer while there are few other symptoms that should never be ignored. Such kind of unusual liver cancer symptoms are:

  • Fever
  • Veins that get enlarged and can be seen through the skin
  • Bleeding in abdomen
  • Causes of liver cancer
  • The most prominent reason towards the formation of liver cancer is as follows:
  • Birth defects in liver
  • Continuous exposure to alcohol and smoking
  • Disease and chronic infection such as hepatitis B and C
  • Cirrhosis

Hepatitis B and C can cause primary damage of cells and stop liver from continuing its regular operation in body. People who regularly consume alcohol are prone to the infection of cancer cells in liver which will later affect mobility and normal living.

Factors for liver cancer

Other than the most common symptoms, there are few other risk factors that will ultimately result in the causing liver cancer in a human being. This includes the following risk factors:

Sex: It is a common factor that men are two times prone to getting affected with liver cancer cells than women

Weight: In case you are an obese, then you hold a higher chance to getting infected with liver cancer cells.

Race: This is an interesting factor, as in the US Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are mostly prone to liver cancer than other race.

Use of steroid: Do not make use of any kind of steroid for body and muscle building as they will result in affecting your liver on the long run.